Plantar fasciitis is a disorder in the foot which affects the tendon that goes from the heel towards the ball of the foot. This really is probably the most common reasons for discomfort in the heel and feet which leads to a sharp pain you may feel with your initial steps getting out of bed in the morning. When your foot warms up the pain will often improve. Even so, right after standing on your feet for very long periods of time, or sitting for lengthy intervals and then getting up again, the pain sensation comes back. The discomfort is produced by the plantar fascia, or long thin ligament which is situated immediately underneath the skin of your foot and connects the heel to your front of the foot. Its function is to secure the arch of the feet.
Probably the most frequent causes of plantar fasciitis is foot arch disorders. Individuals with flat feet or who have very arched feet could both suffer an increased potential for this pain as the plantar fascia is excessively stretched or tight to produce the impact moderation to the foot. Overpronation during running and walking can also make the foot to flatten excessively during activity. Biomechanical problems of the foot may also cause overpronation and stretching out of the plantar fascia. These issues include ankle tightness (restricted ankle motion), forefoot varus, leg length discrepancies and tibia varum (slight bow legs). Road runners or people that abruptly change the level of mileage they may be running – like runners, football players, basketball athletes or weekend warriors – are at risk for plantar fasciitis because of the immediate difference in distances or intensity. Footwear that don't provide the right arch support to the feet – particularly for all those who have overpronation – can increase the risk of acquiring the problem. Unexpected weight gain as with pregnancy, or people who are overweight or obese may also have an increased probability of plantar fasciitis.
In the course of diagnosis and while prescribing therapy your doctor can identify that your calf muscles are tight. This specific restricted tendon will likely put excessive force on the fascia and increase the potential risk of development as well as slow the rehab from plantar fasciitis. A tight calf muscle or Achilles tendon can provide a situation in which there is higher rate pronation which causes a repetitive overstretching of the plantar fascia. The discomfort from the condition normally develops slowly and gradually over time rather than all of a sudden. Your healthcare professional could also want to take x-rays or bone scan of your feet to make certain that the bone hadn't separated, so you were also experiencing a stress fracture of the heel bone.