Melasma is a skin disorder that can cause patches to appear, usually on the face. They appear darker than a person's skin tone. It is most commonly seen in people who have light brown skin tone, particularly in areas of the body that are under a lot of sun exposure. 

Women are especially vulnerable to melasma. It can show up as brown spots around the facial area, particularly the cheeks, bridge of the nose, and forehead. You can contact https://chromaderm.com.au/pigmentation/melasma/ to get the best melasma treatment

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The most common places of melasma on the face are:

  • Bridge on the nose

  • Forehead

  • Cheeks

  • Upper lip

  • Chin

Melasma could also show up on other parts of our body, particularly areas that are exposed to the sun. These include:

  • Forearms

  • Neck

  • Shoulders

Most cases of melasma are straightforward to diagnose during a visual examination, according to dermatologists but still, a dermatologist may take a tiny biopsy at the initial appointment because melasma might look like other skin disorders. This could help rule out other possibilities.

A biopsy is a procedure in which a small part of the skin is removed for analysis in a laboratory. A doctor may also use a gadget such as a Wood's lamp to examine the skin more closely.

Although these skin changes aren't harmful but some people might find them irritating. Limiting exposure to the sun, and actions such as wearing a hat or sunscreen can help to prevent Melasma.